Lying just off the coast of Turkey, Chios is known as "Myrovolos" (sweet-smelling) because of its orchards and gardens, which blossom the year round in the mild climate. The history of the area and western Turkey are inxtricably and often savagley linked. Crucially situated between East and West, Chios boasts a long and impressive history going back to the Phoenicians who are said to have named it. Some think the "Chios" is the original name for mastic, the scented resinous gum for which Chios has been famous since time immemorial.

Remains of the Byzantine period are found in the ruins of numerous medieval castles, fortresses and watchtowers scattered all over the island. One of the most impressive Byzantine monasteries in Greece is Nea Moni, high in the pine-covered mountains behind Chios Town. The monastery was built in the first half of the 11 th century, by order of Emperor Constantine Monomachos, who sent leading architects and the finest materials for its construction from Constantinople. The incredible gold mosaics in the church are considered to be one of the three most important examples of Byzantine religious art, comparable only to those of St. Luke in Phokida, and Daphni in Attica.

satellite view of Chios island
Large satellite pic of Greece

Mavro Volios beach

(Emborios, south east)

Boats in Chios quay
in December

Field in Sykiada
(north of Chios)

masticha dripping
from the tree

Pyrgi village
painted houses and square

PantaChios (North)

St. Isidoros
near Pantachios

A wall in Kambos

Limnia quay
near Volisos (west)

Vrondados towards
Turkey (November)

Pyrgi Streets 1-5